After Zynga, the second-biggest player on Facebook isn’t Electronic Arts anymore. It’s Wooga, a Berlin-based studio that has become Europe’s largest social game publisher with more than 49 million monthly active users on Facebook.
The company was founded in 2009 by Jens Begemann (pictured above), Philipp Moeser, and Patrick Paulisch with the goal of making games for everyone, including the mass market and not just gaming die hards. Since then, it has only published six of them: Bubble Island, Brain Buddies, Monster World, Happy Hospital, Magic Land, and Diamond Dash. With that portfolio, the developer grew its monthly active users by 185 percent in 2011.
Now Wooga has raised $24 million in venture capital and has grown to more than 150 employees. The company now faces a number of strategic decisions, such as doubling down on Facebook or spreading out to platforms such as Google+ or Zynga.com. We caught up with Begemann at the recent Game Developers Conference in San Francisco. Here’s a transcript of our interview.
Jens Begemann: The talk was basically [about what we learned] from the first three years of Wooga. We were asked by the organizers here, because we now have nearly 50 million monthly active users. They wanted to know, “Where did you come from? How did this happen? Why this growth?”
We’re not doing anything magical. We’re just doing work. But I tried to sum up seven lessons that we’ve learned over the last few years. One of those is to focus on making our games very engaging in such a way that people come back often. We emphasize that instead of virality.
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I think some other companies have been complaining that the virality of Facebook is not what it used to be. I think for us what has worked is focusing on engagement and making sure people come back. Every new user…you need to treat them like a small gold nugget — try to keep them. If you keep all of these new users, you’ve made a gold bar.
GamesBeat: So how does something like Diamond Dash do that?
Begemann: In Diamond Dash, it’s many, many things that are in the small details that you don’t see. We spent months on fine-tuning. When you hit a group of diamonds, how long does it take for the new gems to fall down? How many points do you get? How difficult is it to get this in-the-row bonus when the whole game world is on fire?
Basically, if you know the theory of flow, the game has to be challenging but at the same time can’t become too difficult. We ensure that people — from the very first moment on but also if they have played for a very long period of time — always feel challenged. They always have the feeling that they are under control, and they can create their own experience. It’s kind of similar to a triple-A title but obviously much more simple. It’s really about all these small little improvements that make sure people come back over long periods of time.
And then, of course — one element is using the social elements of competition in a good way. If you compete with your friends for a gold medal, that’s more interesting than playing alone or playing with strangers.
GamesBeat: How does that game monetize? Are you buying energy to play longer?
Begemann: Yeah, you can buy energy to play longer. You can also buy boosts. If you want to beat your friends, you can buy some extra boosts and get a bigger chance to beat them. All of those things you can also can be earned inside the game, so there’s nothing that’s exclusive through paying money. But, like in core games, you pay for having that faster speed-up.
Begemann: In terms of absolute numbers, we’re very happy, because the game is so big: 18 million monthly active users. Even if revenue per user is not so huge, overall that’s big. But yes, in terms of revenue per user, it obviously doesn’t monetize as well as Kixeye’s games. I think they have a very different model. Much less users, much more revenue per user. For us it’s truly mass market. That has also been our philosophy since the beginning. First, reach a huge audience, and then build monetization on top of that, instead of the other way around.
GamesBeat: From observing that game, it seems so short to me that it’s really hard to monetize. I suppose you can find people who really just don’t want to stop. [Laughs] Normally I just stop when I run out of energy.
Begemann: Diamond Dash is just a minute. [You can visualize it like this:] It’s like a bag of chips, where each chip is just one bite, but if you don’t pay attention, you finish the whole bag.
Diamond Dash is similar. Each round is just one minute, but some people really play for lots and lots of time. People who play with their friends enjoy it more. Many groups of people play in their offices when they’re on their lunch breaks. Everybody during this half an hour plays Diamond Dash at the same time. This group of 10 people or so, they send free lives to each other. It’s a Facebook gifting feature, so they can play for longer. Some of them also spend money on buying power-ups. But a game like Diamond Dash is definitely super-mass market.
GamesBeat: Zynga has started running a lot of ads in Words With Friends. Is that an opportunity for you guys as well, especially in these games that don’t monetize automatically?
Begemann: We don’t reveal detailed numbers. But overall, I think people underestimate it. Because of these huge user numbers, it’s possible to monetize quite well. And regarding advertising, I think that’s a potential growth opportunity for the future, but at the moment we’re very focused on doing a small number of things. There are tons of opportunities that we have, but for us, we really focus on growing on Facebook, growing our user base there, and improving our monetization there.
The second big focus is mobile. Advertising would be a good, additional growth opportunity, but at the moment, it’s too much of a distraction for us. It would take away the focus from our key growth.
GamesBeat: You guys have become a strong company. There are a handful of strong companies out there, and they’re starting to pursue different strategies. Kabam’s is going onto six different platforms, while you guys are sticking with Facebook. You have moved onto Google+. Do you know how many platforms you want to be on?
Begemann: Our focus, really clearly, is Facebook, and on mobile it’s iOS [iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch]. We like being on a small number of platforms. We have a great relationship with Facebook, and we like the iOS platform a lot. And over time, especially on mobile obviously, there will be more. I think it’s quite natural to think of Android and potentially also Windows Phone — I think that’s quite natural, but on the PC, we’re really happy with Facebook. Other companies may go to other places, but for us, it’s the right platform to focus on.
GamesBeat: You tried out Google+. Are you going to stay with it?
Begemann: We tried Google+. We’re really keen to see how it develops, but also this morning Google announced Play. They seem to be focused on that.
Begemann: I think for us, it’s good to be part of that and to see how it develops. It’s obviously still early. Everybody knows that Google+ doesn’t have the scale of Facebook, but it’s interesting to observe how that will work out.
GamesBeat: And on Facebook’s continuous improvement, what do you see now that is helping you, and what do you want to still see happen in the future?
Begemann: Overall, we’re really happy with the development of Facebook. We look at our monthly active users, and we look at 2011 overall. We’ve grown 185 percent, almost threefold. We are really, really happy with what we see there.
Overall, Facebook I think is doing a good job. Obviously there are always ways to improve, but I think Facebook is doing the right things. Also with their increased focus on mobile. We’re using Facebook Connect in Diamond Dash on the iPhone, and we’re really happy with how they’ve simplified the process of using an iPhone app to connect with Facebook. This process has really, over the last few months, become much smoother. They now have virality on mobile. They’re taking the right steps in the right direction. It will take some time to really be perfect, but our belief is that social mobile — mobile games that are not just single-player but that are really social, where you play with your friends — will play an important role in 2012.
GamesBeat: Does third-party publishing on Zynga.com attract you at all?
Begemann: Zynga has just announced it, and we will observe how Zynga.com develops. I think Zynga now launches with their own games. It seems to be a couple of smaller developers that are launching on Zynga.com, and we will observe how that develops. But overall, really, if I look at what we do, our focus is really…we create games for everyone, right? We don’t create games for gamers. It’s different from Kabam and others. We create games for everyone.
What Zynga does there is, they really improve the experience as a gamer destination. You have your gamer friends there, you have a separate site if you’re a gamer, and so on. We’re really addressing the group where the grandmother plays with her grandson, or where colleagues play with each other. It’s really people who usually don’t play games. We want to bring our games there where they are, and that’s today on Facebook. These people are not necessarily keen to go to a separate gamer destination. But we’ll see how it will develop over time.
Begemann: Maybe, but, short-term, as I said, we’re really focused on Facebook and iOS at the moment. There are many reasons why we developed for iOS instead of Android at first.
GamesBeat: King.com sort of came out of nowhere as well, and it’s interesting that the competition seems to be game-by-game on Facebook. It’s very fluid competition, where people rise and fall. It changes a lot.
Begemann: Obviously I’ve known King.com for many years. In the U.S. they’re not well-known, but [they are] in Europe, with their own site and their skill-based games. Many of them have been around a long time. They’re very successful with Bubble Witch Saga.
It’s true that there’s lots of development on Facebook as far as ups and downs. We try to stay away from this short-term focus. We try to focus on very long-term, sustainable growth. For example, if you look at where our traffic is coming from, only five percent of our new users come from advertising. About 40 percent come from virality and 55 percent from cross-linking between our different games. We do not rely on advertising and do not rely on really driving traffic in short bursts.
Instead, we have very constant improvement every week, making the game a little bit bigger and better every week, trying to get sustainable growth. If you look at our four biggest games — Diamond Dash, Bubble Island, Monster World, and Magic Land — they all have between 4.5 and 18 million monthly active users. All of those had their all-time high last week. So for us really, it’s not this typical game product life cycle. Games are a service these days, and if you treat them as a service and you constantly improve them and have sustainable growth, you can really achieve that. They can have very long lifetimes.
Maybe our philosophy’s a little bit different from some other companies.
GamesBeat: Are you experiencing that FarmVille phenomenon, too, where the monetization also gets better?
Begemann: We don’t reveal details, but yes, we also see monetization improvements. For some games, these improvements may come because the overall audience goes down, and the people who are most committed to the game stay. Therefore, revenue per user increases. For us, I think it’s more about applying this constant improvement that we apply to something like engagement.
We also apply this constant improvement to things like monetization. In Monster World for example, we’ve revealed those numbers. Monster World is a game that I think is a little bit underestimated by many out there. In terms of daily active users, it’s a top 15 Facebook game. It launched April 2010 and is now almost two years old. One year after launch we introduced this new resource called WooGoo. It’s concentrated rainbow slime.
In this fantasy world, it’s the rainbow you see, concentrated. You can generate it during the game, but you can also buy it. That alone has improved Monster World monetization by 50 percent. It’s now a third of all revenue. Basically, what you do is you introduce completely new gameplay elements, and you keep users really sticky over long periods of time.
Begemann: Um…more than we had in the previous year?
But overall, we do very, very few. We’re live now for two and a half years, and we’ve only launched six games. Four of them, we still actively have teams on and actively improve. All of those four hit their all-time high last week. So we don’t do a lot of games; we only do something like two or three per year on Facebook. And we now have as many people working on mobile as we have on Facebook.
This here…have you seen this T-shirt [editor’s note: pictured at top]? This is how we see ourselves. What we try to do, making our games…
GamesBeat: “Love plus brains…”?
Begemann: Yes. What we basically say is, there is this traditional approach to games, which is, you just follow your heart. You just follow your instincts. And then there’s sometimes this very new approach that is often criticized, of only following the numbers and doing nothing else. What we try to do is combine our hearts and our brains to get those [games] out.
GamesBeat: Have you been hit by any of the copycats out there?
Begemann: There was Diamond Dash on the Android Market, yeah. The same name even. Exactly the same name, exactly the same game.
GamesBeat: Did you get them to take it down quickly, or is it still up there?
Begemann: It was quite recent. As of two days ago it was still there, but we’re in contact with Google. And if you search for Diamond Dash in the iTunes App Store, you see games that have extremely similar gameplay. They’re called different names, but they used “Diamond Dash” as a keyword.
So imitation is the biggest form of flattery. We are really happy about that. No, really, I am. That, I think, shows that we are very slowly becoming a little bit relevant?
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