Twitch had no idea what to expect when their service hit consoles.
That’s according to Matthew DiPietro, the vice president of marketing at the livestream service. I recently sat down with Matthew at Twitch’s San Francisco headquarters to get a sense of how the company felt about its expansion to Sony’s PlayStation 4 and Microsoft’s Xbox One and its success on the console frontier.
Above: Thanks in no small part to the new consoles, Twitch is pulling major traffic across the Internet.
Image Credit: Wall Street Journal
The beginning of Twitch
Before Twitch, we had Justin.tv. The livestreaming site was one of the first major successes in the lifecasting movement. Lifecasting was a brief phenomenon in the early days of the Internet that consisted of simply broadcasting everyday activities from the perspective of the person performing them. College buddies Justin Kan, Emmett Shear, Michael Seibel, and Kyle Vogt attached an amateur camera rig to Kan as an experiment, broadcasting his daily routine to the public. The result became a popular spectacle online. When the team made it possible to broadcast viewer-created content, games were soon the dominant streams.
Gameplay feeds so dominated the Justin.tv charts that the company created an arm to devote to it. During the Electronic Entertainment Expo 2011, at a joint party between Justin.tv and the developers behind the multiplayer online battle arena game Heroes of Newerth, Twitch.tv went live. Roughly 3.2 million viewers and streamers were immediately ported over from Justin.tv. Shortly thereafter, the new company held meetings with two of the major console-makers. Both Microsoft and Sony were knee-deep in research and development for their next generation of hardware. Twitch had the majority of the livestream audience, and this was turning into an opportunity to capitalize on a major potential trend in console gaming.
“From a marketing and PR standpoint, it’s just been fantastic,” DiPietro said. “We’ve had a wonderful relationship from the very beginning. We are in a lucky position; [Microsoft and Sony are] both excited about Twitch. The more people they turn on to broadcasting, the more those broadcasters are evangelists for their platforms. In that sense, Twitch is a discovery mechanism for new consumers.”
The return figures back up the console-makers’ initiative. Twitch’s broadcaster count has approximately doubled with the new console audiences, with both consoles holding around 20 percent of total broadcasters. It’s difficult to determine an exact number per unique console, with some broadcasters owning and operating both units. All told, console broadcasters have helped Twitch break through the 1 million-monthly broadcasters threshold. This is up from approximately 600,000 casters prior to the integration on the new hardware.
“Out of the gate, we’re astonished by the adoption rate in terms of the sheer number of broadcasters that are doing these things from the consoles,” DiPietro said.
Above: The dedicated button for capturing, sharing, or streaming gameplay on the PlayStation 4 controller.
Image Credit: Sony
Twitch and PS4
Sony has taken livestream integration to heart, with a Share button on the PS4’s DualShock 4 controller. Sony’s partnership with Twitch has been a core feature of the new console’s design. A push of a button has you logging into your account and broadcasting immediately. But Twitch found that educating players on how to start broadcasting wasn’t as easy.
“Playstation 4 … was a little bit of a softer launch in the sense that it was the first of its kind, never been done before,” DiPietro said. “So telling that story and getting consumers engaged in the product was a little tougher. But it was a huge success.”
The “dead simple, super easy” feature’s growing pains weren’t isolated to just getting the word out. Only a few weeks following the PS4’s launch, reports began to come in about people using software to broadcast themselves having sex on camera. Through Sony’s Playroom, an augmented reality program that primarily uses the system’s camera, certain users took exhibitionist advantage of a live audience. Twitch and Sony were quick to respond.
“It took us a little by surprise, took Sony a little by surprise too if I can say that,” DiPietro said (GamesBeat was unable to reach Sony for a comment on the matter). “… They were a very small — but very visible — group of people who, given the chance, will just do lewd things on the Internet.
Above: Reports of misuse of Sony’s Playroom AR application came soon after the PS4’s launch.
Image Credit: Sony Entertainment Network
“We worked with Sony immediately and had the situation rectified within 48 hours,” DiPietro said. “It’s really not an issue anymore, really wasn’t after that week after launch.”
Playroom is also no longer on the Twitch registry. Those wishing to broadcast themselves with the service, no matter what their content, will have to go other livestream outlets. For Twitch, it was just part of the package of being a social media provider of a certain size.
“We certainly learned from it,” DiPietro said. “We work very closely with the moderation and administration teams for both Sony and Microsoft to make sure all of the content is good. It really is just a matter of acknowledging it is a thing. This is a challenge that any broadly distributed social media channel has had to deal with for the past 10 years. We’ll figure it out just like everyone else did.”
Twitch and Xbox One
While PS4 gamers got guaranteed Twitch connectivity at launch, the service didn’t hit the Xbox Live dashboard until several months after the console’s launch. Xbox One broadcasters did make up for the wait, however.
Above: DiPietro sketched this chart to show the sudden rise in Xbox One Twitch adoption. It “may not be to scale.”
Image Credit: Twitch
“… There was this built up demand for Xbox users,” DiPietro said. “When the application finally launched on Xbox One, it got downloaded like crazy. And you see this massive spike in broadcasters and then a kind of plateau in retained broadcasters.”
Chad Gibson, the group program manager over at Xbox Live, further explains the benefits of the company’s relationship with Twitch.
“Our partnership with Twitch is unparalleled and has allowed us to deliver the best spectating and broadcasting experience on any console with fan-favorite features that are only possible on Xbox One. Xbox One offers the most complete Twitch experience where … you can archive your gameplay from your console, you have the option to see 10 lines of spectators’ comments during a stream, and you can watch any live broadcast and the full Twitch catalog.”
Unlike on the PS4, you broadcast games live on Xbox One through a separate application similar to video services like Netflix or Hulu Plus. The few months it took to bring the application to Xbox One had some to speculate that it was part of a last-minute catch up campaign by Microsoft. DiPietro explains how this isn’t the case.
Above: Twitch broadcasts operate through a separate application on the Xbox One.
Image Credit: Xbox.com
“It was mostly a product roadmap thing when it came to Microsoft. They … had other priorities. [But] this was a very collaborative development process. It shipped the minute it was ready.”
What Xbox One players got wasn’t just copied from Sony’s machine. The meetings may have started around the same time, but each console-maker had its own idea on how to best utilize Twitch.
“Xbox is a little different. It has some more features,” said DiPietro. “You can move [your] webcam around, you can do other stuff. It’s a more feature-rich tool than the PS4 broadcasting tool.”
Above: Twitch making an appearance at Microsoft’s 2013 E3 press event.
Image Credit: Twitch
At the time of writing, the top games on each platform break down pretty much along expected lines. Scrolling through the top channels for Xbox One shows an even split between shooters like Titanfall, Call of Duty: Ghosts, and Battlefield 4 collecting thousands of cumulative views nightly, fighting for the spotlight alongside smaller titles like Trials Fusion. PS4 users have the same split of Call of Duty: Ghosts and Battlefield 4, with the indie survival-horror adventure Outlast holding a significant number of Top Channels.
A different breed of broadcasters
Regardless of what they are playing, console broadcasters have established themselves as a different breed to their PC counterparts. By and large, those that livestream on console have tended to take a more casual approach to the process.
“Since we’ve gone to [over a million monthly broadcasters], we’re seeing the usage of the newest chunk of broadcasters … using Twitch in a much more casual social fashion, in the sense that ‘I’ll just get on my Xbox One, I’ll stream some Titanfall and my friends will come watch,’” DiPietro said. “They use Twitch more in the same way that you would use Facebook or Twitter or Redditt. Previously there was a much bigger concentration of very large, sophisticated broadcasters. The PC gaming crowd is much more media-minded in terms of being professional content creators.”
As console gamers have become more comfortable with Twitch, broadcasting has become an automatic part of their everyday gaming. The result, according to Twitch, is a friendlier and more intimate dynamic between players and audience.
“Now we are getting into a place where the broadcasting ability is so widely available that is becoming more just a standard piece of everybody’s gameplay experience,” DiPietro said. “There are a lot of people that are broadcasting every time they fire up a game. And if my buddy gets a little [message] that says I just went live he’s going to get on his PS4 or watch on his laptop and chat with me while I’m playing. It gets us more deeply into the lives of more gamers.”
Above: Unique multiplayer events like Twitch Plays Pokemon proved a surprise phenomenon for the livestreaming service.
Image Credit: Twitch
The same opportunities that PC players have long enjoyed are open to console broadcasters as well. Twitch’s partner program, a shared advertisement-based payment system between the company and its broadcasters, has now reached over 6,000 members thanks to the influx of console players.
“No matter where something is broadcast from, it all ends up on Twitch,” DiPietro said. “What’s important is the community you are gathering on your channel.”
The future of Twitch
With this success on Sony’s and Microsoft’s new machines, a question has loomed large in the background for Twitch. While Nintendo has begun broadcasting with its own Twitch channel, the Wii U is the only home console that doesn’t feature any direct livestreaming functionality this generation. While the official word remains a strict “No Comment,” that’s not to say Twitch isn’t fantasizing about the possibilities.
Above: “… We aren’t going to be happen until we are on every platform.”
Image Credit: Nintendo
“What I can say is that we truly want to be everywhere people play games,” DiPietro said. “And we aren’t going to be happy until we are on every platform. We want to enable all gamers to broadcast their games wherever they are playing.”
But Twitch isn’t sitting still on the existing console front. The future, at least what Twitch admits to, is one of constant iteration and innovation.
“The Twitch footprint on both of the next-gen consoles is a first effort,” DiPietro said. “They have been fantastically successful, but it is a very long product road map that we will be iterating on extensively. You can imagine a lot of different social levels built on top so you can imagine…pinging the rest of your Xbox Live network when you are broadcasting. There’s lots of different ways we can bring those applications into the future.”
Those worried that the new console audience will supersede the PC crowd, or that the Old Guard will monopolize Twitch’s time down the road, can rest easy. While the future remains unknown, the expectation is eventual platform equilibrium.
Above: Popular tournaments, like those for League of Legends, will continue to bring in big PC audiences for the foreseeable future.
Image Credit: Twitch
“PC users will be some of the more active members of the community in terms of the largest events we have on Twitch,” DiPietro said. “Things like League of Legends championship tournament — those are always going to drive the really massive audience. The audience will likely be very PC heavy, in terms of activity. [For] broadcasters, I think we see a lot of growth potential in the consoles.”
The numbers Twitch has posted since going live on PlayStation 4 and Xbox One have helped begin a major shift in console players’ relationships to gaming and each other. After nearly doubling the service’s broadcaster count and continuing to add more partnered accounts console, players have carved out their own casual niche in the livestream market. And Twitch is not settling for the present. What was once Justin.tv became Twitch Interactive, Inc., this past February, making the original service’s name now a subsidiary product of its most successful spinoff. It wouldn’t surprise me to see Twitch become the new Netflix, appearing on any system with an Internet connection and a few players willing to play live.
Chase, Twitch’s PR director, quotes a sentiment from the office about where Twitch is going. It’s hard to argue with.
“We don’t know if Sony or Microsoft is going to win the next console cycle — but it’s probably going to be Twitch.”