Carl Icahn wants Apple CEO Tim Cook to show him the money. $150 billion worth, in fact.
“Apple is the world’s greatest consumer product innovator and has one of the strongest and most respected brand names in history,” Icahn said to Cook in an open letter today. “We find it difficult to imagine why the board would not move more aggressively to buy back stock by immediately announcing a $150 Billion tender offer.
Icahn is an Apple shareholder and currently holds almost five million shares worth over $2.5 billion. And he says he wants to buy more.
But Apple’s stock is undervalued, and the way to get an appropriate valuation, Icahn says, is to buy back massive quantities of its own stock, essentially returning cash to shareholders by boosting the stock price of the remaining shares.
This is not the first time Icahn has advocated an Apple buy-back — he tweeted about it back in early October. Icahn has a history as a corporate raider or vulture who buys struggling or undervalued companies, dismembers them, and sells off the pieces for a profit, but he says that’s not what’s happening here, and that he’s into Apple shares “for the long term.”
Apple’s board will have a decision to make now, after already repurchasing about $60 billion of Apple’s stock over the past year in various stages. Every shareholder wants the value of the stock to go up, but there’s no guarantee that a buyback would boost AAPL by a huge amount for a long period of time. And, once the cash is gone, Apple has limited its options in case of a severe business downturn or profit drop.
Apple currently has $147 billion in cash and cash equivalents, but most of it is overseas. Taking it into the U.S. to fund the buyback would incur perhaps 30 percent tax, which is why Icahn is advocating funding the buyback with a mix of cash and borrowing, at three percent interest.
Apple stock is up almost $100 over the past three months, and is up $6 today, to $530.84.
Here is Icahn’s full letter:
It was a pleasure meeting you for dinner at the end of September. When we met, my affiliates and I owned 3,875,063 shares of Apple. As of this morning, we owned 4,730,739 shares of Apple, an increase of 22% in position size, reflecting our belief the market continues to dramatically undervalue the company, even when taking into account the recent market appreciation, which in turn makes our proposal unchanged with respect to a $150 Billion buyback. We were pleased to hear at our dinner that you appreciated our input and that you would speak to us again in three weeks to continue the dialogue. In anticipation of doing so soon, we aim to reiterate in this letter the point of view already expressed to you directly with the hope of effectively summarizing it for the company’s board of directors and our fellow shareholders.
From our perspective, Apple is the world’s greatest consumer product innovator and has one of the strongest and most respected brand names in history. We consider Apple to be our most compelling investment. I first informed my followers on Twitter on August 13, 2013 of my “large position.” I also expressed to you my opinion that “a larger buyback should be done now.” At that time, we owned 3,448,663 shares and the stock price was $467. Since then we have purchased an incremental 1,282,076 shares (bringing the total value of my position to $2.5 Billion) and we currently intend to buy more.
We want to be very clear that we could not be more supportive of you, the existing management team, the culture at Apple and the innovative spirit it engenders. The criticism we have as shareholders has nothing to do with your management leadership or operational strategy. Our criticism relates to one thing only: the size and timeframe of Apple’s buyback program. It is obvious to us that it should be much bigger and immediate.
When we met, you agreed with us that the shares are undervalued. In our view, irrational undervaluation as dramatic as this is often a short term anomaly. The timing for a larger buyback is still ripe, but the opportunity will not last forever. While the board’s actions to date ($60 billion share repurchase over three years) may seem like a large buyback, it is simply not large enough given that Apple currently holds $147 billion of cash on its balance sheet, and that it will generate $51 billion of EBIT next year (Wall Street consensus forecast).
The S&P 500 trades at roughly 14x forward earnings. After backing off net cash, Apple trades at just 9x (not factoring into account that the company has a significantly lower cash tax rate than the rate Wall Street analysts use). This discount (cash adjusted) becomes even more compelling given our confidence that Apple will grow earnings per share at a rate well in excess of the S&P 500 for the foreseeable future. With such an enormous valuation gap and such a massive amount of cash on the balance sheet, we find it difficult to imagine why the board would not move more aggressively to buy back stock by immediately announcing a $150 Billion tender offer (financed with debt or a mix of debt and cash on the balance sheet).
While this would certainly be unprecedented because of its size, it is actually appropriate and manageable relative to the size and financial strength of your company. Apple generates more than enough cash flow to service this amount of debt and has $147 billion of cash in the bank. As we proposed at our dinner, if the company decided to borrow the full $150 billion at a 3% interest rate to commence a tender at $525 per share, the result would be an immediate 33% boost to earnings per share, translating into a 33% increase in the value of the shares, which significantly assumes no multiple expansion. Longer term (in three years) if you execute this buyback as proposed, we expect the share price to appreciate to $1,250, assuming the market rewards EBIT growth of 7.5% per year with a more normal market multiple of 11x EBIT.
It is our belief that a company’s board has a responsibility to recognize opportunities to increase shareholder value, which includes allocating capital to execute large and well-timed buybacks. Apple’s Board of Directors does not currently include an individual with a track record as an investment professional. In my opinion, any further delay in executing the buyback we hereby propose will reflect this lack of expertise on the board. My firm’s success and my expertise as an investor would be difficult for anyone to argue. Per my investment thesis, commencing this buyback immediately would ultimately result in further stock appreciation of 140% for the shareholders who choose not to sell into the proposed tender offer. Furthermore, to invalidate any possible criticism that I would not stand by this thesis in terms of its long term benefit to shareholders, I hereby agree to withhold my shares from the proposed $150 Billion tender offer. There is nothing short term about my intentions here.
Chairman, Icahn Enterprises (IEP)
Hat tip: Apple Insider
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