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Oxbotica, a U.K.-based developer of autonomous vehicle software, today announced it has raised $47 million in a series B round led by BP Ventures. The startup says the funding will be used to accelerate commercial deployment of its software platform across key industries and markets.
Some experts predict the pandemic will hasten the adoption of autonomous vehicles for delivery. Self-driving cars, vans, and trucks promise to minimize the risk of spreading disease by limiting driver contact, which is perhaps why people across the globe trust the safety of autonomous vehicles more than they did three years ago, according to several surveys by Deloitte.
Oxbotica was founded in 2014 by Oxford University professors Paul Newman and Ingmar Posner, who sought to create software that drives autonomous vehicles without depending on expensive third-party infrastructure, third-party maps, or GPS. Newman and Posner led a self-driving car project called RobotCar U.K. as part of Oxford University’s Department of Engineering Science Mobile Robotics Group. In 2014, the pair used the newly developed technology to found Oxbotica.
Oxbotica’s platform provides a set of installation and operating tools, including mapping, simulation, logging, indexing, vehicle-to-vehicle communication, and diagnostics, with software that’s modular, has low compute power requirements, and integrates with cloud management. The platform leverages lidar sensors and radar for localization and perception for safety purposes and can fuse data from vehicles to increase a fleet’s intelligence.
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The company provides airport, industrial, shuttle, port, automotive, mining, and logistics solutions for fleet management down to the individual vehicle. Oxbotica claims its software — which it has tested on private roads, test tracks, and simulation for “hundreds of thousands” of miles — is suitable for most vehicle types and rainy, snowy, day, and night conditions, enabling autonomous operation below ground, in deserts and forests, and in fields with or without tracks or lane markings across Europe, Australia, and the U.S.
“Oxbotica has developed and deployed [GAN-based] simulation technology that’s capable of generating thousands of photorealistic images in a minute,” the company writes on its website. “The technology can reverse road signage or ‘class switch,’ where one object (e.g. a tree) is replaced with another (e.g. a building). It can also change the lighting of an image to show a particular frame at a different time of the day or season of the year, all while ensuring shadows or reflections appear as they should. It uses these synthetic images to teach its software, producing experiences and rehearsals which are not real but generated, down to the rain drops on camera lenses.”
In 2017, Oxbotica partnered with supermarket chain Ocado to run an autonomous delivery service in London. Oxbotica later piloted driverless shuttles at Gatwick and Heathrow airports and completed 3D street mapping in Canary Wharf and Hounslow, after which it partnered with Navtech to jointly architect an integrated radar-based navigation and perception system.
Oxbotica more recently announced — then canceled — a collaboration with Addison Lee to develop and launch autonomous taxis in the city of London by 2021. As part of the U.K. Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles-funded Driven project, Oxbotica is simultaneously conducting testing with a fleet of Ford Fusion and Mondeo vehicles running in London and Oxford on public roads. In 2019, the company deployed Mondeos running its software on public roads in Stratford, London to test their use in city environments as a part of Innovate U.K. and the CCAV’s Project Endeavor. This was carried out ahead of public road trials in Friedrichshafen, Germany, following an automated vehicle (AV) permit recommendation by TÜV SÜD.
The Rand Corporation estimates that autonomous cars will have to rack up 11 billion miles before we’ll have reliable statistics on their safety. Cognizant of this and in the interests of redundancy, Oxbotica says it retains the ability to manually take control of vehicles running its software to perform emergency stops and capture data on external loggers. Beyond this, the company says it gives the safety drivers who monitor its test vehicles classroom training, as well as training on advanced external test courses. Oxbotica also says it tests its software for bugs and against recorded data and completes regular penetration tests by emulating the behavior of potential hackers.
Oxbotica is not the only one to leverage GANs for self-driving cars. Uber’s Advanced Technologies Unit, which was recently acquired by Aurora, taps GANs to make car trajectory predictions within high-definition maps of roads. And Waymo uses GANs that draw on feeds from real-world sensors to create information about the 3D geometry, semantics, and appearance of objects within a scene.
BGF, Halma, HostPlus, IP Group, Tencent, Venture Science, and funds advised by Doxa Partners participated in Oxbotica’s funding round announced today. It brings the London-based company’s total raised to roughly $70 million.
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