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Above: Appflood

Image Credit: VentureBeat

PapayaMobile has gone through a few different pivots during its history. But Si Shen, the chief executive of the Beijing-based company, believes she has a winning business with AppFlood.

The company created AppFlood as a developer cross-promotion network about 18 months ago. It evolved into an ad network with more transparency for both the developers and advertisers than other services.

AppFlood makes it easier to create targeted and branded ads in an efficient and automated fashion for Chinese mobile game developers and publishers. It enables Western developers to find a market for their games in China, and it is increasingly helping Chinese game companies find users abroad.

In real-time bidding, advertisers pitch in real-time auctions for the right to show ads in front of targeted users in the time that it takes a web page to load. Ad networks and supply-side platforms make these auctions happen. A mobile-focused ad exchange is a digital market that lets advertisers and publishers buy and sell advertising space, often through real-time auctions. Shen talked about this strategy and what it means as Chinese game makers move to the global stage.


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I caught up with Shen at the recent Casual Connect conference in San Francisco. Here’s an edited transcript of our talk.

GamesBeat: How is your new business working? Is it going well?

Si Shen: It’s gone very well. In the past three quarters our revenue grew 10 times. All the Chinese companies are going abroad, and we’re probably their best choice to help them get users outside China. They’re moving into the U.S., and western Europe as well. But they also focus on developing countries in places like the middle east.

GamesBeat: It sounded like the Middle East, for you, is a bigger market than North America.

Shen: In terms of ad spending from China, it’s the largest for AppFlood. But it’s a little bit skewed. The data are more China-centric, but we work with a lot of partners outside of China, and they’ve told us that the ad spend from China has grown enormously in the past several quarters.

GamesBeat: Does that have something to do with — is there not as much direct spending on games, through things like in-app purchases, in China? Are ads a better way to monetize? In the U.S., it’s always been the opposite.

Shen: Chinese companies see ads as the only way to acquire users outside of China. Game companies might care about ROI and monetization, but for the app companies, they don’t care as much. Their applications aren’t monetizable in that way. They see this as an investment opportunity. If they don’t go to those markets right now, they’ll lose those markets.

GamesBeat: Do you see this as something that could have endless growth, or is it more temporary?

Shen: For the next two or three years, at least, this is just going to grow. I’ve seen the budget from one of our clients, which is one of the largest internet companies in China. They’ve doubled their budget on this every quarter – 2 million, 5 million, 10 million, 20 million.

GamesBeat: If there are cases where people aren’t making the most of an opportunity, where would that be? And the flip side would be, what’s the best opportunity to go after?

Shen: Some people have traffic that’s not monetized very well yet. We run the realtime bidding business, so we work with some supply-side providers. Sometimes they have traffic in developing countries that they just don’t monetize. They don’t know where to find good advertisers.

We see a transparency problem in the information flow. A lot of people are spending a lot of money trying to find this traffic, while a lot of other people have this traffic and don’t know what to do with it.

AppFlood teams up with Bidstalk on mobile ads for apps in China.

Above: AppFlood teams up with Bidstalk on mobile ads for apps in China.

Image Credit: AppFlood

GamesBeat: Are there countries you’d think of in particular there, nations that are underserved?

Shen: Indonesia is becoming big. So is Brazil. And the middle eastern countries in general.

GamesBeat: Are they also countries that some companies have avoided just because they don’t think there’s a game market there? Indonesia doesn’t usually come up that high on the list.

Shen: For games, definitely, they care more about Thailand and other southeast Asian countries. Recently, a lot of our advertisers have been looking for Russian users.

GamesBeat: Do you see geopolitics affecting your business? We have a conflict in Israel and a possible war in Ukraine. It’s a global business, and it seems like that kind of thing affects it.

Shen: Definitely. I remember a saying – if the economy is on the way down, people usually spend more time playing games. There’s probably a similar effect related to political situations. If the political situation is unstable, people may be spending more time on their mobile phones.

GamesBeat: What’s your competition like? Do you see a lot of competitors, or is the space you’re in less crowded?

Shen: In our specific space, we’re at a spot where we don’t have a lot of competitors. But it’s a huge market.

GamesBeat: Could you run down the two case studies you recently presented?

Shen: One is a game, the other is a non-game application. For the game, they have a very specific ROI goal. We suggested that they target global users through their trial, to see which regions might have the highest ROI, but with a very low CPI. They were able to optimize the traffic they get through us and see a good return.

For the non-game app, they just want to grab a foothold at this point. They don’t care where users are from, so long as they get a huge volume of users. As long as the CPI is lower, in that case, than 25 cents, and the retention rate is relatively acceptable, they’ll do it.

The outside view of one of 10 giant exhibit halls of ChinaJoy.

Above: The outside view of one of 10 giant exhibit halls of ChinaJoy.

Image Credit: Dean Takahashi

GamesBeat: What kind of ads are becoming popular? The user-acquisition surveys I’ve seen talk a lot about AdColony and video ads as being very important for getting so-called quality users.

Shen: Video ads are definitely not the best choice for mid-core apps. But for games, sometimes they’ll consider it. I’ve seen a lot of Chinese companies using video ads to promote their games. They don’t count it on a CPI basis, even. It’s more like brand advertising. They do it a lot with the video websites or video applications. They prefer to show those video ads before video content, instead of just inserting it into an app, because they care about the user experience. If it’s embedded with that video content, the acceptance is better.

GamesBeat: If there’s this movement toward getting quality users at some point, what do you anticipate? Is that going to be more important a few years from now, or is it already important?

Shen: It’s definitely already very important. A lot of Chinese companies have come to us and said, “Can you help us to buy users on Facebook?” We asked why, and they said, “I’m willing to pay double the CPI, because the quality of Facebook users is so much higher.” They know who the users are when they get users from Facebook, too. The API exposes some of the user information.

GamesBeat: And yet a lot of companies still don’t focus too much on the quality of users.

Shen: They care about retention rates, but not much more than that, no.

Mobile games on display at the ChinaJoy 2014 event.

Above: Mobile games on display at the ChinaJoy 2014 event.

Image Credit: Dean Takahashi

GamesBeat: How are you going to balance the different businesses you have at Papaya?

Shen: Papaya still has a game studio. They’re publishing social gambling games. It’s a very profitable business for us, but it’s more like a different business division that runs by itself. What I’m seeing is our business in consumer products and ad networks. We have this ad platform that’s growing very quickly. Moving forward, we also want to have a consumer product play where we can own our own users and change their user experience.

GamesBeat: Do those work better together?

Shen: Yeah. I used to work for Google, and I was very influenced by their philosophy around providing consumer products for free. Then you monetize through the ad network.

GamesBeat: China doesn’t have a Google of its own, and Google’s not going there any time soon. There’s a chance to be the Google of China, I guess?

Shen: And the Facebook as well. Facebook is facing a huge challenge in China. We think that China will be a great space for startups to grow very big. Tencent is very strong there, but they don’t work very much around advertising yet.

GamesBeat: How many people do you have at Papaya now?

Shen: We have 150 now, and we hope to hit 200 within the next several months. We’re hiring very quickly at this point. Mostly in Beijing, because our engineering team is in Beijing.

GamesBeat: Do you think there are always going to be so many app stores in China?

Shen: There might be an eventual consolidation into five or so, but not less than that. Right now, most of those large app stores are owned by what we call B-A-T — Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent. They do all the acquisition to make sure they have the big app channels. And there’s another channel owned by 360, which is a very large internet company. In the end, those little local app stores will probably all be owned by several big companies that are competing with each other in China.

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