The 2016 Tech IPO Pipeline from private-company research startup CB Insights has many staggering figures. Never before in the annual report have there been so many companies that have raised rounds of $100 million or more. The average total amount of funding they’ve raised is higher than ever, at $182 million. The number of companies in the pipeline with new valuations of at least $1 billion has never been higher, at 39. And the pipeline now contains 80 private companies based in the U.S. that have raised money at a valuation of $1 billion or more. (Last year, there were 40 such companies.)
Today, venture-backed CB Insights is highlighting the 36 unicorns with the greatest “momentum,” using a metric that takes into account social media messages, news articles, web traffic, business deals, and other information. Some of these companies might not seem like IPO material now, and some obvious ones are missing (Cloudera and Pinterest, for example), but who knows what will happen next year? This list isn’t a bad place to start if you want to know which companies could end up going public in 2016.
Without further ado, here’s a list of the 36 fast-moving unicorns, with some commentary appended:
1. Actifio. This company makes data-center storage backup software that runs on commodity servers. Backup isn’t the sexiest industry, but it’s important, because big companies like to be sure that they won’t lose their data in the event of a disaster. Actifio announced a $100 million funding round in March.
2. Airbnb. This home rental startup is one of the biggest unicorns around, and its ascent has brought about industry consolidation and controversy. Earlier this month, Airbnb submitted a filing for a $1.5 billion funding round.
4. Apttus. This Salesforce-backed quote-to-cash software company announced a $108 million funding round in September.
7. BuzzFeed. Yes, that BuzzFeed. The meme-friendly media outlet boasts 200 million unique monthly visitors, with NBCUniversal investing $200 million in the company in August.
8. CloudFlare. This company offers a content distribution network with security features that are popular with developers. In September, CloudFlare announced a $110 million funding round with Baidu, Google Capital, Microsoft, and Qualcomm all participating. When I spoke with CloudFlare cofounder and chief executive Matthew Prince at the time, he said an IPO wouldn’t happen in 2015 or even 2016 — the earliest would be 2017. “If it were 2018, I wouldn’t be surprised,” he said. “If it were 2019, I wouldn’t be surprised. If it were 2020, I would be surprised.”
9. Coupa. The company with cloud-based expense, procurement, budgeting, and invoicing software announced an $80 million round of funding in June, with T. Rowe Price participating.
10. Datto. The disaster recovery hardware company announced a $75 million round of funding last month.
11. Docker. Arguably the hottest company in enterprise software, Docker has kicked off a great deal of interest in Linux containers for packaging up source code that can be run on servers. The company is still in the process of building a major revenue-generating machine, having launched the Docker Trusted Registry and Universal Control Plane products in 2015. Docker announced a $95 million round at a reported $1 billion valuation in April. “I think that we have the opportunity to build a truly world-class company that changes the way we build, ship, and run applications and that goes for a big IPO and beyond, and that’s how we’re organizing the company,” Docker chief executive Ben Golub told VentureBeat in an interview in September 2014. “We clearly wouldn’t have taken a big round at a big valuation if we were planning on selling in the near future.”
12. DocuSign. The e-signature company announced a $233 million round at a reported $3 billion valuation. In October, Reuters reported that chief executive Keith Krach had told employees he was looking for his replacement.
13. Domo. The cloud-based business intelligence software maker faces competition from many companies, including Salesforce and Amazon Web Services. Domo finally came out of stealth mode after five years, in April. At that time it announced a $200 million funding round at a $2 billion valuation.
14. Fanatics. The sports merchandise retailer hired Moxie Capital cofounder Lauren Cooks Levitan earlier this year to be its new CFO. In August, Fortune reported that the company had taken a $300 million investment from private equity firm Silver Lake.
15. GitHub. It feels like yesterday that the hosted source-code-repository software company took on a $100 million Series A funding round. But GitHub announced a bigger, but less star-studded, $250 million round at a reported $2 billion valuation this past July. GitHub now has more than 10 million users.
16. Houzz. The home design software company carried a $2.3 billion valuation as of June 2014. In October, Houzz announced a $165 million funding round.
17. Illumio. The security software startup announced a $100 million funding round in April, with BlackRock Funds participating.
18. InsideSales. The predictive sales software company disclosed a $60 million round in March, with Salesforce Ventures leading the round. Microsoft has also backed the company.
19. Medallia. The customer feedback software company announced a $150 million funding round in July.
20. MuleSoft. The application integration software company unveiled a $128 million funding round in May, with Salesforce Ventures leading the round and ServiceNow participating in the deal.
21. Nutanix. This company’s hardware brings together servers and storage hardware that are traditionally sold separately, allowing for cost-cutting. Nutanix has been ready to go public for a while now, having raised a $140 million round in 2014 and partnered with Dell and, more recently, Lenovo.
22. Okta. The identity management software company raised a $75 million funding round earlier this year. Okta CEO Todd McKinnon told the San Francisco Business Times in September to expect an IPO within 12-18 months.
23. Palantir. The secretive big data software company with a reputation for working with government agencies disclosed earlier this month $129 million in funding that was tacked onto an earlier $555 million round, according to the Wall Street Journal.
24. Qualtrics. The Utah-based survey software company announced a $150 million round in September 2014.
25. Simplivity. The converged infrastructure hardware company that competes with the likes of Nutanix announced a $175 million round in March.
26. Slack. The hot team-communication software company is building out a third-party application ecosystem and it’s even giving out venture capital money with the help of some of its own investors. But Slack was valued at $2.8 billion in a $160 million funding round in April, and now Slack boasts 2 million daily active users.
27. Snapchat. This messaging app with more than 100 million daily active users is one of the most exciting consumer-facing startups around. And Snapchat’s moves into advertising and third-party publisher content could give the company staying power. Snapchat said in May that it had raised $537.6 million since February. But the $16 billion valuation reported back in May is said to have decreased 25 percent thanks to a markdown from Fidelity.
28. SoFi. The online lender raised $1 billion at a $4 billion valuation over the summer, according to a report from the Wall Street Journal. SoftBank is among the startup’s investors.
29. Stripe. The developer-focused payment service startup has launched integrations with Apple Pay, Bitcoin, Alipay, and even the Stellar currency. Earlier this year, Visa announced that it had made an investment in Stripe. The startup’s valuation hit $5 billion as a result of the deal, according to Re/code.
30. Tanium. The endpoint security software company announced a $120 million funding round at a $3.5 billion valuation this past September.
31. Twilio. The company that provides developer tools for VoIP calling and text messaging announced a $130 million funding round in July. Fidelity and T. Rowe Price both participated.
32. Uber. The app-enabled alternative cab service is one of the most highly valued private venture-backed companies. Earlier this month, Bloomberg reported that the company was raising $2.1 billion at the staggering valuation of $62.5 billion. Uber faces legal, regulatory, and competitive challenges, and the company’s self-driving car initiative also costs money. In August, Reuters estimated that Uber would generate around $2 billion in revenue in 2015.
33. Uptake. The data analytics company announced a $45 million round of funding in October, with Caterpillar (!) participating.
34. Warby Parker. The eyewear ecommerce company told the Wall Street Journal in April that it had taken on a $100 million round of funding, with T. Rowe Price leading the round. Other investors include J.Crew and American Express.
35. Zenefits. The human-resources software provider and health insurance broker suddenly rose to prominence this year, especially after it announced a $500 million funding round at a $4.5 billion valuation. These days, when you walk around in San Francisco, chances are you’ll see someone with a Zenefits hoodie. The company had been attempting to achieve $100 million in annual revenue this year, but last month, reports said revenue wasn’t growing as much as executives had hoped.
36. Zscaler. The cloud application security company announced a $100 million round in August, with TPG leading the round, and followed that up about six weeks later with news of a $25 million investment from Google Capital.