(By Andrea Shalal,┬áReuters) — The Pentagon said on Wednesday it would invite vetted outside hackers to test the cybersecurity of some public U.S. Defense Department websites as part of a pilot project next month, in the first-ever such program offered by the federal government.

“Hack the Pentagon” is modeled after similar competitions known as “bug bounties” that are conducted by big U.S. companies, including United Continental Holdings Inc, to discover gaps in the security of their networks.

Such programs allow cyber experts to find and identify problems before malicious hackers can exploit them, saving money and time in the event of damaging network breaches.

“I am confident that this innovative initiative will strengthen our digital defenses and ultimately enhance our national security,” Defense Secretary Ash Carter said in a statement unveiling the pilot program.

One senior defense official said thousands of qualified participants were expected to join the initiative. Details and rules were still being worked out, but the competition could involve monetary awards, the Pentagon said.

The Pentagon has long tested its own networks using internal so-called red teams, but this initiative would open at least some of the department’s vast network of computer systems to cyber challenges from across industry and academia.

Participants must be U.S. citizens and will have to register and submit to a background check before being turned loose on a predetermined public-facing computer system, the Pentagon said. It said other more sensitive networks or key weapons programs would not be included, at least initially.

“The goal is not to compromise any aspect of our critical systems, but to still challenge our cybersecurity in a new and innovative way,” said the official.

The initiative is being led by the Pentagon’s Defense Digital Service (DDS), which was set up last November to bring experts from the U.S. technology industry into the military for short stints.

“Bringing in the best talent, technology and processes from the private sector … helps us deliver comprehensive, more secure solutions to the DOD,” said Chris Lynch, a former Microsoft executive and technology entrepreneur who heads DDS.

Carter introduced Lynch during a speech to the Commonwealth Club on Tuesday and said he had already recruited coders from companies like Google and Shopify for a Pentagon “tour of duty.”

(Reporting by Andrea Shalal; Editing by Paul Tait)